Substitution is the opposite of transformation:
the replacement of one thing by another; not continuity, not sameness in
difference. "There are other kinds of change--one damn thing after another,
for instance," Barfield writes in Unancestral Voice. "I would call
that kind mere substitution, whereas evolution
implies a process of transformation. The difference between transformation
and substitution is that transformation involves the persistent presence
of something common to both the old form and the new" (UV 96).
evolutionary change as mere substitution.
|See in particular