James Tiptree, Jr.
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A Brief Biography of James Tiptree, Jr. | A James Tiptree, Jr. Chronology | A Bibliography of the Writings of James Tiptree, Jr. | James Tiptree, Jr. Book Covers | The James Tiptree, Jr. Award | The World of James Tiptree, Jr. | Love was the Plan, the Plan was . . .: A True Story About James Tiptree, Jr. Mark Siegel | Introduction to Her Smoke Rose Up Forever by John Clute
A James Tiptree, Jr. Biography
biography has been improved thanks to the help of Julie Phillips, who is
writing a biography of Tiptree for St. Martin's Press. My thanks to Julie.
Alice Bradley Sheldon was born in 1915 in Chicago, Illinois, daughter of Mary Hastings Bradley, a prolific author, mostly of travel literature, and Herbert Bradley an attorney, African explorer, and naturalist. At an early age, she accompanied her parents on their world travels, including an African safari in 1921-1922. Initially, she pursued a career as a graphic artist and a professional painter. She married, in 1934, William Davey--a marriage which ended in 1941. In 1941, she began a two year stint as an art critic for the Chicago Sun, then joined the United States Army in 1942, being assigned to Air Intelligence the following year.
At the end
of the war, she married Huntington Sheldon, and in 1946, she was discharged
from the Army after attaining the rank of Major. The same year, she was
published for the first time, a piece called "The Lucky Ones" (in The
New Yorker) and began to co-manage a small, rural business with her
busband. In 1952, however, they both returned to Washington to be in on
the ground floor development of the new Central Intelligence Agency, then
located in temporary buildings near the Reflecting Pool in Washington.
In 1955 she resigned from the C.I.A. In 1959 the C.I.A. moved to Langley
Virginia and the Sheldons to nearby McLean, VA.
A James Tiptree, Jr. Chronology
|1915||Born in Chicago, Illinois, daughter of Mary Hastings Bradley, a prolific author, mostly of travel literature, and Herbert Bradley, an attorney, African explorer, and naturalist|
|1921-22||Accompanies her parents on a safari to Africa|
|1934||Marries William Davey|
|1941||Divorces William Davey; art critic for Chicago Sun (1941-42)|
|1942||Enlists in U.S. Army|
|1943||Assigned to Army Intelligence|
|1945||Marries Huntington Sheldon|
|1946||Discharged from Army as a Major; "The Lucky Ones"; runs a small rural business with her husband (1946-52)|
|1952||Move to Washington in order to participate in development of the C.I.A.|
|1954||Becomes a clandestine agent in Near East (1954-55)|
|1955||Resigns from C.I.A.|
|1956||Enrolls at American University|
|1959||C.I.A. and the Sheldons move to Northern Virginia; receives B.A. from American University; begins graduate work; teaches as a graduate assistant|
|1967||Receives Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from George Washington University|
|1968 (53)||First uses "James Tiptree, Jr." pseudonym in the story "Birth of a Salesman"; "Birth of a Salesman," "Help, Mamma Come Home," "The Man Doors Said Hello To," "Fault," "Faithful to Thee, Terra, In Our Fashion"|
|1969 (54)||"Beam Us Home," "Your Haploid Heart," "The Snows are Melted, the Snows Are Gone"|
|1970 (55)||"The Night-blooming Saurian," "I'm Too Big but I Love to Play"|
|1971 (56)||"And I Awoke and Found Me Here on the Cold Hill's Side," "And So On, And So On," "I'll Be Waiting for You When the Swimming Pool is Empty," "Mother in the Sky With Diamonds," "Painwise," "The Peacefulness of Vivyan"|
|1972 (57)||"Forever To a Hudson Bay Blanket," "All the Kinds of Yes," "Amberjack," "And I Have Come Upon This Place by Lost Ways," "The Man Who Walked Home," "The Milk of Paradise," "On the Last Afternoon"|
|1973 (58)||"The Girl Who Was Plugged In," "Love is the Plan, the Plan is Death," "Ten Thousand Light Years from Home," "The Women Men Don't See"|
|1974 (59)||"Angel Fix," "Her Smoke Rose Up Forever," "The Last Flight of Doctor Ain"|
|1975 (60)||"A Momentary Taste of Being," Warm Worlds and Otherwise|
|1976 (61)||Sheldon's mother dies; her true identity is discovered; "Beaver Tears," "She Waits for All Men Born," "Your Faces, O My Sisters! Your Faces Filled of Light!", "Houston, Houston, Do You Read?", "The Psychologist Who Wouldn't Do Awful Things To Rats"|
|1977 (62)||Receives Nebula Award for "The Screwfly Solution"; "Time-Sharing Angel," "The Screwfly Solution"|
|1978 (63)||"We Who Stole the Dream," Up the Walls of the World, Star Songs of an Old Primate|
|1980 (65)||"Slow Music," "A Source of Innocent Merriment"|
|1981 (66)||"Out of the Everywhere," Out of the Everywhere and Other Extraordinary Visions, "With Delicate Mad Hands," "Lirios: A Tale of the Quintana Roo"|
|1985 (70)||Brightness Falls from the Air|
Kills her husband and commits suicide, May 19, 1987
A James Tiptree, Jr. Bibliography
"'The Females Do the Fathering': James Tiptree's Male Matriarchs and Adult
Human Gametes." Science Fiction Studies 13 (1986): 42-49.
Davis, Patricia. “Bullets End 2 ‘Fragile’ Lives: Author Kills Husband, Herself in McLean.” Washington Post, May 20, 1987.
Dozois, Gardner. The Fiction of James Tiptree, Jr. New York: Algol Press, 1977.
_____. "Introduction." Ten Thousand Light Years from Home. Boston: Gregg Press, 1976: v-xxxvi.
Frisch, Adam J. "Toward New Sexual Identities: James Tiptree, Jr." In The Feminine Eye: Science Fiction and the Women Who Write It. Ed. Tom Staicer. New York: Ungar, 1982.
Gearhart, Nancy S. "Alice Hastings Sheldon." Contemporary Authors, Vol. 198: 443-44.
Hildreth, Lillian H. "'Love is the Plan, the Plan is Death.' The Feminism and Fatalism of James Tiptree, Jr." Extrapolation 23.1 (1982): 22-30.
"James Tiptree Rebounds." Locus, No. 296 (1985): 4ff.
LeGuin, Ursula. The Language of the Night: Essays on Fantasy and Science Fiction. Ed. Susan Wood. New York: Berkeley Medallion, 1979.
Mackey, Douglas. "The Short Fiction of James Tiptree, Jr." Survey of Science Fiction Literature IV. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Salem Press, 19xx: 1999-2002.
Pei, Lowrei, "Poor Singletons: Definitions of Humanity in the Stories of James Tiptree, Jr." Science Fiction Studies 6 (1979): 271-80.
Platt, Charles. "Profile: James Tiptree, Jr." Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine, April 1983: 26-49.
Ross, Jean W. "Interview with James Tiptree, Jr." Contemporary Authors, Vol. 208: 444-50.
Russ, Joanna. "Recent Feminist Utopias." In Future Females. Ed. Marleen S. Barr. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University Press, 1981: 71-85.
Siegel, Mark. "Double-Souled Man: Immortality and Transcendence in the Fiction of James Tiptree, Jr." in Death and the Serpent: Immortality in Science Fiction and Fantasy. Contributions to the Study of Science Fiction and Fantasy, No. 13. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985.
_____. James Tiptree, Jr. Starmont Reader's Guide, No. 22. Mercer Island, WA: Starmont House, 1986.
_____. “Love Was the Plan, the Plan Was . . .: A True Story About James Tiptree, Jr.” Foundation: The Review of Science Fiction 44 (1988-1989): 5-13.
Silverberg, Robert. "Introduction." Warm Worlds and Otherwise. New York: Ballantine, 1975: ix-xviii.
Smith, J. D. "James Tiptree, Jr., Raccoona Sheldon, Bibliography." Khatru 7 (19xx): 23-25.
Tiptree, James, Jr. Brightness Falls From the Air. New York: Tom Doherty Associates, 1985.
_____. "The Color of Neanderthal Eyes." Fantasy and Science Fiction, May 1988: 8-87.
_____. "Do You Like It Twice?" Phantasmicom 9 (1972).
_____. "Everything But the Name is Me." Starship (1979): 31-34.
_____. "In the Midst of Life." Fantasy and Science Fiction, November 1987: 6-26.
____. Meet Me At Infinity: The Uncollected Tiptree--Fiction and Nonfiction. Ed. Jeffrey D. Smith. NY: TOR, 2000.
_____. Out of the Everywhere and Other Extraordinary Visions. New York: Ballantine, 1981.
_____. "Slow Music." Interfaces. Ed. Ursula K. LeGuin and Virginia Kidd. New York: Ace Books, 1980.
_____. Star Songs of an Old Primate. New York: Ballantine, 1978.
_____. Ten Thousand Light Years from Home. New York: Ace Books, 1973.
_____. 10,000 Light Years from Home. New York: Gregg Press, 1976.
_____. Up the Walls of the World. New York: Ace, 1978.
_____. Warm Worlds and Otherwise. New York: Ballantine, 1975.
_____. "With Tiptree Through the Great Sex Muddle." Khatru 3/4 (1975): 17-22.
Wood, Susan, "James Tiptree, Jr." Science Fiction Writers. 531-41.
Tiptree, Jr. Book Covers
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